Beitrag Food - not packaged?

Food - not packaged?

Challenges from the consumer's point of view for more sustainability

Many consumers want to avoid unnecessary packaging waste. However, it is not easy to implement this, as many foods, especially fruit and vegetables, are only offered pre-packaged in the supermarket.

Challenges from the consumer's point of view for more sustainability

Many consumers want to avoid unnecessary packaging waste. However, it is not easy to implement this, as many foods, especially fruit and vegetables, are only offered pre-packaged in the supermarket.

Germany is the European champion in the production of packaging waste: 220 kilograms per year and inhabitant with an upward trend, according to a 2018 study by the Federal Environment Agency. Packaging waste from online shopping, to-go packaging, disposable plastic bottles and beverage cans are primarily responsible for the increase. There has been a sharp increase in paper and plastic waste.

What do we need all this packaging for? First and foremost, they are supposed to serve consumer protection: Hygiene, food protection, labelling and information, and transport.

A distinction is made between the eco-balance of packaging and the carbon dioxide balance. The eco-balance is made up of many factors and carbon dioxide emissions are only one partial factor in assessing the sustainability of a package from production to disposal. Other emissions can arise, for example, from water pollution, microplastics or fine dust in the air. And the consumption of raw materials also plays a role. To simplify matters, however, the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) balance is usually taken into account. In the example of beverage bottles, the 1-litre PET returnable bottles perform best, second best are the 1.5-litre PET non-returnable bottles and in last place are the 0.7-litre glass returnable bottles, which produce more CO2 during transport due to their high weight. But if you look at the eco-balance, the glass bottles are in first place and the disposable bottles are in last place.


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